Cultural Survival Quarterly Magazine

Taulasea And Cultural Continuity In Samoa

Nineteen ninety-nine was undoubtedly a year of great upheaval for Samoa. The political assassination of the Minister of Public Works, Luagalau Levaula Kamu, in a country that prides itself on its Christian heritage caused much pain, sorrow and confusion.

Unrest in the Solomons

Last year violence erupted in the Solomon Islands, disrupting a history of relative peace in the Pacific archipelago. Since September of 1998 an armed militia group called the Guadalcanal Indigenous Revolutionary Army has terrorized mostly Malaitan inhabitants on Guadalcanal province. The militants have attacked villages and driven more than 40,000 Malaitans off the island.

Tourism and The prostitution Of Hawaiian Culture

Thanks to American imperialism, the ideology that the United States has no overseas colonies and is, in fact, the champion of self-determination the world over, holds no greater sway than in the United States itself. To most Americans, then, Hawai'i is theirs: to use, to take, and, above all, to fantasize about long after the experience.

The Struggle For Hawaiian Sovereignty - Introduction

Modern Hawai'i, like its colonial overlord, the United States of America, is a settler society. Our Hawaiian people, now but a remnant of the nearly one million Natives present at contact with the West in the 18th century, live at the margins of our island society.

The Next Step Toward Sovereignty: Project Hawaiian Justice

Ka L…hui Hawai'I is committed to sovereignty and the right to self-determination of the Native Hawaiian people. There are varying degrees of sovereignty to be exercised, ranging from where we are at present to total and complete independence of the nation. The next step on the road to sovereignty is federal recognition of our sovereign rights and claims to the land.

The Hawaiians: Health, Justice, And Sovereignty

Hawai'i was one of the last large-scale Indigenous societies to be encountered by Western adventurers. At daybreak on January 18, 1778, in the midst of a voyage from Tahiti to the western coast of North America, sailors aboard two British ships sailing under the command of Captain James Cook unexpectedly Sighted the smallest of the high islands in the Hawaiian chain.

Tentative Steps in Tahiti

Te Ao Maohi (known to most as French Polynesia) is comprised of five distinct island chains, the Society Islands (both "Windward" and "Leeward"), the Marquesas Islands, the Tuamotu Islands, the Austral Islands, and the Gambier Islands.

Internships At Cultural Survival

Now celebrating it's 28th year, the internship program at Cultural Survival (CS) is an integral part of the organization's success. As Pia Maybury-Lewis, co-founder and Intern Coordinator states, "Interns are an invaluable resource to our operations". Throughout the year, interns gain a better understanding of indigenous peoples and exposure to the human rights issues that affect them.

Tibetan Rug Weaving Project Builds Schools in Nepal and Northern India

Chris Walter, the Tibetan Rug Weaving project coordinator, first became involved with Cultural Survival over a decade ago. On his extensive travels to Asia to study the art of rug weaving, Chris made connections with refugee communities all over Central Asia.

Siberians Visit The Six Nations Indian Museum

On Friday, October 8, 1999, the Six Nations Museum in upstate New York had the unique pleasure of being visited by fourteen Mongolian people from the Republic of Buryatia in Russian Siberia.

Seeking Compensation for Radiation Survivors in the Marshall Islands: the contribution of anthropology

Seeking Compensation for Radiation Survivors in the Marshall Islands: the contribution of anthroplogy

Polynesian Voyaging & Pacific Self-Determination

Anachronistic and divisive colonial and post-colonial policies, senseless destructive nuclear testing and hazardous waste dumping, over-exploitation of natural resources, the threat of global warming and island inundation - these are some of the issues that haunt the vast Pacific, a region that covers a third of the earth's surface area.

Pacific Islands and the Internet

"The internet is the fastest growing industry in the world, and with changes taking place every day, the Pacific cannot afford to be left behind." This sentiment, expressed in Pacific Islands Monthly, embodies the hope of many island nations.

New Hope For Papua?

December 1, 1999 marked the Organisasi Papua Merdeka's (OPM/the Free Papua Organization) declaration of independence for the former Indonesian Province of Irian Jaya (Papua). Tribal protestors in Timika raised the outlawed Papuan `Morning Star' flag on December 1 to commemorate the anniversary of the day in 1961 when Holland granted independence to the Melanesian population.

Native Burials: Human Rights And Sacred Bones

Traditional Native Hawaiians believed n... iwi (the bones) to be the primary physical embodiment of a person. Following death, only n... iwi were considered sacred, for within the bones resided the person's mana (spiritual essence). Mana was greatly valued, and Native Hawaiians spent their lives maintaining and enhancing their mana. Thus, supreme care was accorded to iwi following death.

Nation Under The Gun: Militarism and Resistance in Hawai'i

Militarism and colonialism are inseparable forces which have shaped modern Hawai'i. Over a hundred years since the U.S. military participated in the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai'i in 1893, militarism continues to distort the cultural and political environment like a magnet pulling at particles of iron.

Jaguar

An effort to make ethnology more accessible, this novel is extremely successful. The story easily holds the interest of academic and layman alike, and the depictions of life in West African Sahelian countries (Niger in particular) and of the immigrant's experience in America are unfailingly accurate as well as insightful.

Inundation: How Real A Threat For Small Island Nations?

Global warming, long in the media forefront, has recently become a speculation-fueled debate.

Immediate Future Issues

The Twenty-First century does not hold large promise for Native Hawaiians. Given that the power of the United States, both militarily and economically, is now unchallenged in the world, the prospects for land restitution and some form of self-government for Hawaiians are depressingly poor.

Hopi Fight for Survival and Peace in the next Millennium

High on the mesas in northeastern Arizona, surrounded by majestic views, is the heart and center of the Hopi homeland. It is also the final battleground for the survival of this ancient tribe.

Hawaiian Sovereignty

On August 12, 1998, over five thousand Native Hawaiians and non-Hawaiian supporters gathered at `Iolani Palace to mark the 100th Anniversary of the illegal annexation of Hawai'i by the United States. The event was not celebratory, but was significantly political.

Hawai'i and the United Nations

Chapter XI of the Charter of the United Nations deals with Non-Self-Governing Territories, and calls for international accountability regarding peoples who have not achieved a full measure of self-government. Article 73 reads in part as follows:

Halabja: After Ten Years Saddam's Gas Attack on the Kurds

This terse but powerful program provides a first hand look at the conditions of life in Halabja, a small village in northern Iraq which was carpeted with nerve gas laden bombs ten years ago under Saddam Hussein's orders in response to the village's support of Iran during the Iraq-Iran war.

God Created the Heaven and the Earth, Including Me

Alaska native Denny Akeya - whose Eskimo name is Yava - offers us "a recipe for cultural survival" in his latest offering God Created the Heaven and the Earth, Including Me, says Ian Mcintosh, Director of Cultural Survival. This short book is a girl for future generations of Alaskans - so they will not forget the old ways.

Family Ties And Corporate Land Ownership In Micronesia

Throughout Oceania, colonial legal policies, cash cropping, the incorporation of island societies into the Western market economy and the rising tide of privatization, are washing away the corporate ownership of land in Pacific island societies. The decline of `traditional' kin-based ownership is notable in places such as Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Kiribati, and New Zealand.

Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples

In this important book, Linda Tuhiwai Smith meets a formidable challenge. In 200 pages she presents a cogent critique not only of anthropology, but of the cultural evolution of the entire Western concept of research.

Conflicting Visions Of Hawaiian Sovereignty

The Hawaiian Sovereignty movement emerged as the political manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance of the late 1970s. While the movement developed a political basis, it was the socio-economic conditions of Native Hawaiians that formed its catalyst. The articles in this issue of the Cultural Survival Quarterly focus on these social and economic conditions.

Cannibalism and the Colonial World

I doubt if there is another book quite like this one.

Australia's Indigenous Cultural Heritage Continues To Be Threatened

When Queensland elected a Labor government in July 1998, Aborigines and Islanders hoped and expected that the new Premier would replace existing cultural heritage legislation.

A Letter To Cultural Survival: The Botswana Book Project

Soon after Botswana peacefully obtained independence from the British in 1966, the newly formed Ministry of Education established an educational network of free schools throughout the country. Students enter primary school at age 7, move to junior secondary school at age 14 and, if they qualify, they move on to senior secondary school at age 17.

A Foot In Two Worlds...

Ledama Olekina, a twenty-five year old Maasai from Kenya, is using his feet to raise money for a school he's hoping to build in Kenya. The Maasai Educational Discovery Foundation (MEDF) has been established to help the Maasai people improve their education standards in order for them to adapt to fast changing lifestyles, while maintaining their culture.

The Suya Indian Project

The Suyá Indian Project

Introduction: The Internet and Indigenous Groups

The Internet, the network of networks that was originally created to link weapons research labs in the 1970s, has spread to more than 170 countries. The growth of users and connections, as well as new products and services continues to expand at an explosive rate. However, Internet coverage is uneven.