April 19, 2018
Statement to the 17th session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples by the Indigenous Media and Communication Caucus, April 19, 2018
Read by: Cultural Survival's Dev Kumar Sunuwar, Nepal
Thank you, Madam Chair,
On behalf of the Indigenous Media and Communication Caucus to the United Nations, we salute the UN General Assembly for proclaiming 2019 as the International Year of Indigenous Languages.
We would like to highlight the role that Indigenous media currently plays around the world in strengthening and maintaining Indigenous languages, and note the systematic discrimination that Indigenous media face within States’ policies and legislation.
In many other countries, including my country of Nepal, the mainstream media is only available in dominant languages to the exclusion of Indigenous languages, making it inaccessible to many Indigenous Peoples, hampering Indigenous Peoples’ right to access information in the languages they understand, and in regrettably contributing to the marginalization and loss of Indigenous languages.
Meanwhile, around the world, Indigenous communities are making incredible efforts to establish media in our own languages, from, by, and for our communities. Article 16 of UNDRIP guarantees Indigenous Peoples the right to establish their own forms of media, and as Indigenous community media journalists from around the world, we are evidence that Indigenous Peoples have wholeheartedly embraced this right to free expression, as it is crucial to maintaining our language and thus our identity.
However, in many cases we are forced to do this work under threats and intimidation and we regularly experience violence perpetrated by agents of own governments. Many of us live in fear of violence and criminalization simply for exercising our right to freedom of expression. Although similar threats face all journalists, it is often the Indigenous communicators who are excluded from mechanisms of protection due to both lack of formal recognition as journalists, geographic inaccessibility to protection measures, and discrimination and impunity within the justice systems.
We see a clear example of state violence against Indigenous community radio practitioners in Guatemala, where, in the 10 years since the Declaration was adopted, at least 12 community radio stations have been raided by the national police and Indigenous journalists have been thrown in jail, often without clear charges and for indefinite periods. This occurs because Guatemala’s telecommunications law fails to recognize Indigenous Peoples’ right to community radio, despite recommendations from Guatemala’s own Constitutional Court, this Forum, various Special Rapporteurs, the UPR process, and more.
Thus, we recommend that in commemoration of the International Year of Indigenous Languages, States take real steps to implement policy changes that facilitate Indigenous Peoples’ access to their own forms of media in their own languages.
Specifically, we recommend the following actions from States:
1) Develop legislation ensuring affordable access to radio frequencies by Indigenous communities.
2) Protect the safety of Indigenous community journalists by complying with Human Rights Council Resolution 33/2 on the safety of journalists and make special accommodations for rural community communicators.
3) Increase funding opportunities for community radio stations who broadcast in Indigenous languages.