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For two years CS Quarterly has identified global themes important for an understanding of the current situation of tribal groups and ethnic minorities and has brought the urgent situations confronting specific groups to the attention of our readers. While our approach has been well received, many points of view are excluded from the thematic section of the Quarterly and many urgent stories go unreported.

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Agta Forager Women in the Philippines

Problems in the 1980s

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Awa Women in Papua New Guinea

Exploited laborers on the capitalist fringe

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Can the Partnership Last?

Btsisi' marital partners and development The penetration of capitalism and planned development into subsistence economies usually lowers women's status. Women rind themselves locked in the household, economically dependent upon an individual man or perhaps doing wage labor along with their household tasks. Thus far, Btsisi', an indigenous people (Orang Asli) of the west coast of Selangor, Malaysia, are an exception to this rule.

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Cultural Change and Women's Work

The sedentarization of the Rashiidy Bedouin in the Sudan

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Delivering Health Care in the Andes

Women as the connecting link

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Exxon and the Guajiro

The White Man eats coal," said the Guajiro Indian woman, "but neither us nor our animals eat coal, that's not our life." With this statement she underscored the basic incompatibility between the Guajiro notion of well-being and the Western notion of development as embodied in El Cerrejon Coal Mining Project in northeastern Colombia.

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Guatemalan Refugees in Chiapas

While much has been written about the current situation of Indians in Guatemala, less attention has been focused on the 100,000 Guatemalans who have fled into Mexico, clustering in over 90 camps along the length of the Mexican-Guatemalan border in Mexico's southernmost state of Chiapas. These camps are closed to all foreigners, especially journalists, therefore perpetuating the lack of available information.

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Introduction - 8.2

As tribal groups and ethnic minorities are incorporated into larger economic and political systems, a number of changes affect the women in these societies. While it is difficult to generalize about the current situation of women in the thousands of ethnic groups in the world, this issue identifies some apparent trends.

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Law and Women in the Middle East

The legal status of women in the modern Middle East has been in transition since the early part of the twentieth century. Customary laws, Islamic laws, imported European laws, and reformed versions of Islamic laws affect women in" Varying degrees in the different Middle Eastern legal systems, and the status of women does not seem to have been settled in any of them.

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One Step Forward - Two Steps Back

Shavante women of central Brazil, 1958-1982

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Overcoming Death in Chile

Women's resistance to Pinochet and their struggle for a return to democracy

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Schooling or Seclusion

Choices for northern Nigerian women

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The Anuak - A Threatened Culture

The Anuak are a Nilotic people who live in southwest Ethiopia and adjacent areas or southeast Sudan. In 1958 it was estimated that they numbered 30,000 to 40,000, of whom two-thirds were living in Ethiopia.

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The Batek De' of Malaysia

Development and egalitarian sex roles The Batek De' Negritos are one or-several aboriginal people, called Orang Asli, living an unassimilated life in Malaysia. Numbering about 350, the Batek De' (hereafter simply Batek) live in camps of five or six nuclear families in the rain forest regions of the state of Kelantan. They maintain themselves by hunting, gathering, and trading forest products.

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The Mbuti of Northeast Zaire

Women and subsistence exchange

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The T'Boli - Profiles in Transition

She is up and at the water faucet before most in her area of the village. With only four faucets to serve at least 650 people, the sooner one reaches the faucet, the sooner one can wash one's dishes, clothes and self. After tending to herself, she hoists the filled plastic container to her shoulder and walks home. These may be the only moments she has to herself that day.

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Third World Women in Factories

There is a debate among feminists as to whether industrialization is "good for women." Industrialization offers the chance for at least some women, especially poorer women, to get out of the home, to break away from the stifling constrictions of domestic patriarchy. For example, while working in a textile mill (in Massachusetts, Manchester or Hong Kong) may bring hardship, it does offer women the opportunity to join a larger collective of workers and to earn wages independently.

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Woman's Role in Social Change

P>Education and the Kikuyu of Kenya

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Women in Southern India

The plight of landless agricultural labores

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Women Migrant Workers in the US

We usually imagine migrant workers as young men who travel abroad to find jobs in agriculture, construction or restaurants. Less attention is paid to women, who also migrate; we tend to think of them as passively accompanying their husbands. In fact, more than half of the Latin American migrants to the U.S. are women searching for jobs as domestics or in light manufacturing such as garment or microelectronic factories.

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Yemeni Women - Still at Home

Labor migration has become a major issue for many developing countries as migrant remittances increasingly form a major portion of both family and national budgets. In the Yemen-Arab Republic in 1978-1979, perhaps a million male migrants remitted an estimated US $1.3 billion, lessening the tremendous import-export deficit. Yemeni women's lives are changing as a result of the massive flow of remittances and the absence of men.

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